Computer science develops students’ computational and crucial thinking skills and teaches them how to create, not simply use new technologies. This fundamental knowledge is required to prepare students for the 21st century, regardless of their final field of study or occupation. Computer science education covers “the study of computers and algorithmic methods, including their principles, their hardware and software designs, applications, and influence on the society.”
Some of the topics and activities that could be covered in a computer science course are:
- Algorithmic problem-solving
- Computing and data analysis (managing, interpreting data processing and visualizing)
- Human-computer interaction
- Modeling and simulating real-world problems
- Creating and manipulating graphics
- Programming (including game design)
- Security (including cryptography)
- Web design (illustrating principles of programming, abstraction and human-computer interaction)
- Robotics (designing and programming)
- Ethical and social issues in computing
How is Computer Science Used in Various Careers?
Computer science explains students’ computational and critical thinking skills and shows them how to create, not simply use but new technologies. This basic knowledge is required to prepare students for the 21st century, despite their profession or field of study. The skills and knowledge learned from studying computer science prepare students for many careers. For example:
- In information technology— growing mobile communication devices or creating security software and hardware systems, applications, and networks.
- In production—creating and using simulations to develop products.
- In healthcare—exploring the large numbers of data produced by new DNA sequencing techniques, developing new remote monitoring systems for subjects, or creating security and privacy for medical records.
- In retail—analyzing data to predict trends and develop inventory management.
- In weather forecasting—developing and interpreting models that predict the behavior of storms.
- In the arts—creating new special effects for movies or composing digital music.
- In financial services—creating and supervising automated trading services.
Researches say that studying Computer Science can open the way to 130 career areas and 48 college majors.
There are three knowledge levels when it comes to computer Science: coders, programmers, and computer scientists.
Level 1- Coder
The first level of computer science is the coder someone who writes lines to create a program. They can create software tools computer programs or mobile apps from their computers. If you are interested to learn to write code there are many online tools designed to teach and help children.
They may be fluent only in one programming language like HTML/CSS for website design or C++ for mobile app development.
When you are a coder you are at the lowest level of science which is not bad but there are higher levels that you can try learning. Coders spend a lot of time learning the fundamentals of programming but they may also not have any formal education. There are coders who aren’t looking to come into the computer science industry but are learning code only as a hobby. They may not have the best knowledge of creating a sophisticated code but they can still be a part of a programming team.
Level 2 -Programming
After coder, you have the second level called the developer or programmer. Developers are fluent in more than one programming language. These coders may have had some professional help so they could improve their skills. When you are at this level you can write a more sophisticated code that is easy to understand and without errors. Their experience and schooling makes these coders capable of designing and implementing a plan from A to Z
Level 3- Computer Scientist
And the last and highest level of Computer Science is a computer scientist or some call it a software engineer. These coders are the ones who know three or more programming languages. Computer Scientists have the knowledge and also the experience to create software architecture programmers. Data Scientists are also in this category.
They use programming and computers to study huge parts of collected data to find patterns and help individuals but also businesses to make more informed decisions. While the big data it’s still in its principles but with time and skilled data, the scientist could improve healthcare, help us in safely using self-driving and totally change the perspective that we have on technology and programming.
So is Computer Science hard?
It’s not necessarily difficult if you have patience and determination. The first thing before you start is to remember to take your time because being disciplined, methodical, and the patient becomes the most important skill in computer science. Learning computer Science takes dedication and time to master the theories, concepts, and application of what you have learned which comes with a lot of trial and error that can be really stressful.
Also, scientifically inclined individuals must be curious, they should wonder about how things work and become comfortable testing the speculations that they make so they could find conclusions. Gene Mal CTO of Static Jobs says that “computer science is not hard at all you just need to be scientifically inclined to major in”